The presidential election of 2008 in the United States will be held on November 4. It will be the 55th consecutive annual quadrennial election for President and
Vice president of the United States. This year, the presidential election coincides with elections in the Senate, House of Representatives, gubernatorial elections, and any state and local elections.
Under Article II of the Constitution of the United States, as the twelfth amendment, an Electoral College will elect the president. These electors are appointed by the mechanisms chosen by each state’s legislature (predominantly by popular vote of the voters of each state). The person who receives the majority of the votes for president – 270 votes are needed for a majority – will be the president-elect of the United States, as well as the person who receives a majority of electoral votes for vice president will be elected vice president of the United States. If no presidential candidate receives a majority in the Electoral College, the President-elect will be elected by the House of Representatives, with each state entitled to a single vote. If no candidate for vice President receives a majority, it will be elected in the Senate vote. Although rare, these scenarios, occurred twice in the history of America, in 1825 and 1837.
As the presidential election of 2004, the allocation of electoral votes of each state will be partly based on Census 2000. – The president-elect and vice president-elect elected are scheduled to be inaugurated on Tuesday, January 20, 2009.