The 100 most spoken languages on the world


“A language is a dialect with army and navy.” – Max Weinreich

By Frank Herles Matos

The classification of languages related here is the result of the sum of native speakers and those who speak a second language. This base date: 31/12/07 – estimated by the governments of respective countries, but compared with data – separated by language – of civil organizations. This test has become necessary to depoliticize the primary data and allow the information to approach the end of reality as possible. Thus, languages that often appear in similar relationships with force is known by many, examples of the “Kurdish” (the people without homeland), the “Berber” (widely used in North Africa, but discredit by various governments in the region for reasons political and religious); African languages as the “Hausa“, “Oromo“, “Yoruba” and, speaking South America as “Kichwa” (used daily by millions of people in the region of the Andes), the resurgence of the “Hebrew“, etc.

A curious fact about the relationship of language most spoken is considerable variation in the numbers of estimates. According to several linguists, technical factors (on different dates and different sources of data – census and estimates) and political (or even nationalist government alone) are the main cause of these variations. See sources.

The current (2007) 6,702 languages/dialects in the world, “between 3400 to 6120 will disappear before 2100′ due to natural disasters (such as the devastating earthquake that killed thousands of Kutchi on 26/01/2001, India), military invasions (such as the Islamic conquests in the centuries 7 and 8 in the Middle East and North Africa), colonizations and “discoveries” (such the European colonizations in Africa and discovered the Americas, Australia, etc.), religion (charges of “holy”languages after military victories), epidemics and the increasingly internationalization of human society.

Ord Continent Language Speakers

Nunber

%

Number

%

Avarage

Half

———————————————————————————————-
01 Africa 2,082 31.1 677,674,518 11.8 25,391 323,082
02 Americas 1,001 14.9 59,895,891 0.8 2,000 47,464
03 Asia 2,159 32.2 4,012,678,007 57.9 10,171 1,538,077
04 Europe 239 3.6 1,746,815,517 26.3 220,000 6,294,532
05 Pacific 1,221 18.2 6,798,207 0.1 800 4,675
Total 6,702 100.0 6,503,862,140 100.0 7,000 828,105

Source: Ethnologue

Click Here to see the current world population.

Some languages listed here are technically dialects, not separate languages. Were listed separately because they are mutually incomprehensible, like the language/dialect Chinese, Hindi/Urdu and Arabic – see Notes.

Of the 6.5 billion (at 31/12/2007) of inhabitants of the planet, about 5,8 (89.23%) billion speak a 100 language related below:

The 100 most spoken languages on the world

Ord

Language

Speakers – #

Where the language is spoken?

01 Mandarin Chinese Nat – 1,081,9 b

China, Malaysia and Taiwan, with significant nucleous of speakers in South Africa, Brunei, Cambodia, Philippines, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and other countries.

2nd  - 38,6 m
Tot 1,120,5 b
02 English [1] Nat – 355,1 m

South Africa, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada (except Quebec), Dominica, United States, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, Hong Kong, Fiji Islands, Marshall Islands, Solomon Islands, Jamaica, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Malaysia, Malawi, Malta, Mauritius, Micronesia, Namibia, Nigeria, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Kenya, United Kingdom, Rwanda, Samoa, St. Lucia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Sierra Leon, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia and Zimbabwe, with significant nucleous of speakers in Bangladesh, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Philippines, India, Israel, Maldives, Micronesia, Nauru, Pakistan, Singapore and other countries.

2nd – 198,8 m
Tot  - 553,9 m
03 Spanish Nat –    298,7 m

Argentina, Bolivia, Canary Islands, Ceuta, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, Melilla, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay and Venezuela, with significant nucleous of speakers in Belize, United States, Ivory Coast, Philippines, France and other countries.

2nd –     49,4 m
Tot –    348,1 m
04 Hindi [2] Nat –    288,6 m

India – North, Central and West of this country.

2nd –     39,2 m
Tot –    327,8 m
05 Portuguese Nat –    236,1 m

Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Damão, Diu and Goa (India), Galicia (Spain), Guine-Bissau, Macau (China), Mozambique, Portugal, Sao Tome and Principe and East Timor, with significant nucleous of speakers in Germany, Canada, Spain, United States, France, Netherlands, UK, Canada, South Africa, Australia, Japan, Paraguay and other countries.

2nd –     36,8 m
Tot –    272,9 m
06 Russian [3] Nat –    164,3 m

Abecasis (Georgia), Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova (Transnistria and Gagauzia) Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Transnistria (Moldova), Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan, with significant nucleous of speakers in Israel and other countries.

2nd -      98,7 m
Tot –     263,0 m
07 French [4] Nat –     108,4 m

Belgium (Brussels and Wallonia), Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central Republic African, Chad, Comoros, Congo (Brazzaville), Ivory Coast, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Guadeloupe, Equatorial Guinea, France, Polynesia France, Gabon, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, India (Karikal, Punducherry), Italy (Valle d’Aosta), Lebanon, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Martinique, Mauritius, Monaco, New Caledonia, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland (Berne, Canton of Freiburg, Canton of Geneva, Jura, Neuchâtel, Valais, Vaud), Togo, with significant nucleous of speakers in the United States (Louisiana, especially), Vanuatu, United Kingdom (Guernsey and Jersey) and other countries.

2nd –     121,3 m
Tot –     229,7 m
08 Bengali Nat –     199,7 m

Bangladesh, India – Tripura, West Bengal and Assam.

2nd –       16,1 m
Tot –      215,8 m
09 Malay/Indonesian [5] Nat –     198,5 m

Indonesia, with significant nucleous of speakers in Malaysia, Philippines (South), East Timor, Singapore, New Caledonia and other countries.

2nd – 4,7 m
Tot -   203,2 m
10 German Nat – 108,3 m

Germany, Austria, Belgium (East Canton), France (Alsace and Lorraine region), Italy (South Tyrol of Namibia and South), Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Poland (Oppeln), Switzerland (Aarfau, Appensell Exterior, Appenzell Interior, Basel-Countryside, Basel-City, Bern, Freiburg, Glarus, Lucerne, St. Gall, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Zug, Zurich, Graubbden, Nidwald, Obwalden, Thurgau, Uri and Valais), with significant nucleous of speakers in United States, Brazil (South), Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Romania, Lithuania, Russia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Lithuania and Slovenia.

2nd –   64,4 m
Tot –  172,7 m
11 Japanese Nat –  127,2 m

Japan, Palau (Angaur), Guam, with significant nucleous of speakers in Brazil, United States (Hawaii), Peru, South Korea, Taiwan, Marshall Islands and other countries.

2nd –     8,1 m
Tot –  135,3 m
12 Italian Nat –   73,4 m

Croatia (Istrian County), Slovenia, Italy, San Marino, Switzerland (Graubbden, Ticino), with significant nucleous of speakers in Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, United States (Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island), France, Greece, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Uruguay, Vatican and other countries.

2nd –   41,9 m
Tot –  115,3 m
13 Persian Nat –   98,2 m

Afghanistan, Iran and Tajikistan, with significant nucleous of speakers in Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Oman, Qatar, Uzbekistan and other countries.

2nd –     6,1 m
Tot –   104,3 m
14 Panjabi Nat –    92,4 m

India (Panjab) and Pakistan, with significant nucleous of speakers in Kenya and Singapore.

2nd –     9,8 m
Tot –  102,2 m
15 Urdu [2] Nat –   68,9 m

India (Kashmir, New Delhi, Jammu and Uttar Pradesh), Pakistan and Afghanistan, with significant nucleous of speakers in South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, UK, United States, Bahrain, Botswana, Fiji, Mauritius, Malawi, Oman and Qatar.

2nd –   32,7 m
Tot –  101,6 m
16 Marathi Nat –   77,7 m

India (Maharashtra, Daman and Diu, Goa), with significant nucleous of speakers in Islands Mauritius.

2nd –   13,4 m
Tot –    91,1 m
17 Turkish Nat –   72,4 m

Bulgaria (Kurdzhali Province and areas of South and West), Cyprus and Turkey, with significant nucleous of speakers in Australia, Austria, Georgia, Greece, Netherlands, Iran, Moldova, Macedonia, Syria, Azerbaijan and other countries.

2nd –   17,8 m
Tot –    90,2 m
18 Telugu Nat –   72,8 m India (Andhra Pradesh, district of Yanam), with significant nucleous of speakers in Bahrain, Islands Fiji, Islands Mauritius, Singapore and other countries
2nd –     8,1 m
Tot –   80,9 m
19 Egyptian Arabic [6] Nat –   48,7 m

Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen, with significant nucleous of speakers in England, United States and other countries.

2nd –   31,8 m
Tot –    80,5 m
20 Javanese Nat –   77,8 m

Indonesia, Java and Bali.

2nd –    2,5 m
Tot –   80,3 m
21 Wu Chinese Nat –  76,4 m

China (Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Xuancheng Anhui), Taiwan, Singapore and Hong Kong.

2nd –    1,9 m
Tot –   78,3 m
22 Korean Nat –   76,7 m

North Korea, South Korea and China (Yanbian), with significant nucleous of speakers in Australia, United States (Guam, Hawaii, Marianas North), Japan, Brazil and other countries.

2nd –    1,4 m
Tot –   78,1 m
23 Thai Nat –   31,8 m

Thailand and Laos.

2nd –   41,5 m
Tot –    73,3 m
24 Vietnamese Nat –    69,1 m

Vietnam, with significant nucleous of speakers in Australia, Cambodia, United States (California), France (New Caledonia), Laos, Norway, and Vanuatu other countries.

2nd –     4,1 m
Tot –    73,2 m
25 Yue Chinese (Cantonese) Nat –   69,7 m

China (South and Southeast), with significant nucleous of speakers in Guangzhou, Hong Kong and other countries.

2nd –     2,5 m
Tot –    72,2 m
26 Tamil Nat –    65,7 m

India (Tamil Nadu, and Karaikal districts of Pondicherry), Singapore, Sri Lanka and Myanmar, with significant nucleous of speakers in Bahrain, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, France (Réunion), Islands Fiji, Mauritius, Malaysia and other countries.

2nd –      6,1 m
Tot –     71,8 m
27 Maghrebi Arabic [7] Nat –    53,5 m

Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria and Libya, with significant nucleous of speakers in France, Holland, Italy, Spain and other countries

2nd –    8,9 m
Tot –   62,4 m
28 Min Nan Chinese Nat –  48,2 m

China and Taiwan, with significant nucleous of speakers in Brunei, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand.

2nd –    2,7 m
Tot –  50,9 m
29 Polish Nat –  43,6 m

Poland, with significant nucleous of speakers in Belarus, United States (Connecticut, Illinois, NJ), Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Czech Republic, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, Russia, Brazil and other countries.

2nd –    6,5 m
Tot –  50,1 m
30 Gugarati Nat –   47,4 m

India (Gujarati, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli), with significant nucleous of speakers in South Africa, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Pakistan, United States, England, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and Canada.

2nd –     1,9 m
Tot –   49,3 m
31 Jin Yu Chinese Nat –  43,3 m

China and Taiwan.

2nd –    3,6 m
Tot –  46,9 m
32 Ukrainian Nat –  42,7 m

Ukraine and Transnistria (Moldova), with significant nucleous of speakers in Russia, Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Brazil, United States, Canada and other countries

2nd –   3,9 m
Tot –  46,6 m
33 Hausa Nat –  25,2 m

Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Foso, Cameroon, Ghana, Sudan and Togo

2nd –  16,9 m
Tot –  42,1 m
34 Kannada Nat –  33,7 m

India (Karnataka).

2nd –    8,0 m
Tot –   41,7 m
35 Pashto Nat –   31,4 m

Afghanistan (Southeast and Northwest) and Pakistan (West), with significant nucleous of speakers in India.

2nd –    9,7 m
Tot –   41,1 m
36 Xiang Chinese Nat –  37,2 m

China.

2nd –   2,7 m
Tot –  39,9 m
37 Levantine Arabic [8] Nat –  34,8 m

Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Israel (and Judea Sesmaria), Gaza Strip and Jordan, with significant nucleous of speakers in Kuwait, Iraq and other countries.

2nd –    4,5 m
Tot –   39,3 m
38 Malayalam [9] Nat –  34,9 m

India (Karalla, Lakshadweep and Mahe) with significant groups of speakers in Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and other countries.

2nd –   4,2 m
Tot –  39,1 m
39 Hakka Chinese Nat –  35,1 m

China, with significant nucleous of speakers in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Panama, Singapore, Suriname, Taiwan and Thailand

2nd –    1,2 m
Tot –  36,3 m
40 Berber Nat –   31,4 m

Algeria, with significant nucleous of speakers in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Nigeria, Sahara West, Mali, France, Belgium, Spain, United States and Canada.

2nd –     4,6 m
Tot –   36,0 m
41 Amharic Nat –  28,2 m

Ethiopia and Israel

2nd –    7,4 m
Tot –  35,6 m
42 Oromo Nat –  33,8 m Ethiopia and Kenya
2nd –    1,6 m
Tot –  35,4 m
43 Burmese Nat –  33,5 m Myanmar
2nd –    1,6 m
Tot –  35,1 m
44 Oriya Nat –  32,0 m

India (Orissa), Mendipur (West Bengal), Saraikela Kharsawan district (Jharkhand) and Gujarati.

2nd –    2,3 m
Tot –  34,3 m
45 Nepali Nat –  26,1 m Nepal, India and Bhutan
2nd –    7,6 m
Tot –  33,7 m
46 Sundanese Nat –  26,8 m Indonesia
2nd –    6,8 m
Tot –  33,6 m
47 Bhojpuri Nat –  28,7 m India and Nepal.
2nd –    4,1 m
Tot –  32,8 m
48 Tagalog Nat –  23,7 m Philippines (Cuzon’s Southern and Central)
2nd –    8,2 m
Tot –  31,9 m
49 Romanian Nat –  27,4 m

Romania and Moldova, with significant nucleous of speakers in Serbia, United States and other countries.

2nd –    3,9 m
Tot –  31,3 m
50 Kurdish Nat –  29,8 m Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria, with significant nucleous of speakers in Egypt, Israel, Iran, Jordan and Lebanon.
2nd –    1,2 m
Tot –  31,0 m
51 Haryanvi Nat –  28,1 m India (Haryana) and Pakistan
2nd –    1,8 m
Tot –  29,9 m
52 Dutch Nat –  24,8 m

Netherlands, Belgium (North), France (Northeast), Suriname, Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, with significant nucleous of speakers in Germany, Indonesia, South Africa and other countries.

2nd –    1,7 m
Tot –  26,5 m
53 Azerbaijani Nat –  24,0 m

Azerbaijan, Iran, parts of neighboring countries such as: Georgia, Russia, Iraq, Turkey and Ukraine.

2nd –    2,1 m
Tot –  26,1 m
54 Yoruba Nat –  23,6 m Nigeria, Benin, Togo and Sierra Leon
2nd –    2,3 m
Tot –  25,9 m
55 Serbo-croatian Nat –  22,9 m

Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, with significant nucleous of speakers in Albania, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Turkey and Macedonia.

2nd –    1,6 m
Tot –  24,5 m
56 Uzbek Nat –  21,9 m

Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, with significant nucleous of speakers in Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Russia, China, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and the United States.

2nd –    1,4 m
Tot –  23,3 m
57 Gan Chinese Nat –  20,8 m China (regions of Fujian, Anhui and Hubei).
2nd –    1,8 m
Tot –  22,6 m
58 Assamese Nat –  21,5 m India, Bangladesh and Bhutan
2nd –    1,0 m
Tot –  22,5 m
59 Sindhi Nat –  20,4 m India and Pakistan (Southeast).
2nd –    1,8 m
Tot –  22,2 m
60 Malagasy Nat –   17,1 m Madagascar, France (Reunion), Comoros, Mayotte.
2nd –     4,7 m
Tot –   21,8 m
61 Khme Nat –  19,8 m

Cambodia and Vietnam, with significant nucleous of speakers in Thailand, Taiwan, United States and Australia.

2nd –    1,3 m
Tot –   21,1 m
62 Igbo Nat –  18,4 m Nigeria
2nd –    1,9 m
Tot –   20,3 m
63 Sa’ide Arabic Nat –   18,3 m Egypt (south of Cairo to the border with Sudan).
2nd –     1,4 m
Tot –   19,7 m
64 Sudanese Arabic Nat –  18,1 m Sudan.
2nd –    1,5 m
Tot –  19,6 m
65 Greek Nat –   14,9 m

Greece and Cyprus, with significant nucleous of speakers in the United Kingdom and the United States.

2nd –     3,8 m
Tot –   18,7 m
66 Saraiki Nat –  17,6 m

Pakistan, with significant nucleous of speakers in India

2nd –    0,2 m
Tot –  17,8 m
67 Somali Nat –   16,3 m Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti
2nd –    1,4 m
Tot –   17,7 m
68 Cebuano Nat –  16,3 m Philippines
2nd –    0,1 m
Tot –  16,4 m
69 Hungarian Nat –  14,9 m Hungary, Austria, Israel, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Serbia
2nd –   1,3 m
Tot –  16,2 m
70 Chitagonian Nat –   14,0 m Bangladesh and Myanmar.
2nd –     2,1 m
Tot –   16,1 m
71 Mesopotamian Arabic Nat –   13,5 m

Iraq and Syria (South), with significant nucleous of speakers in Iran and Turkey.

2nd –     2,3 m
Tot –   15,8 m
72 Zhuang Chinese Nat –   13,1 m China
2nd –     2,2 m
Tot –   15,3 m
73 Madurese Nat –  14,2 m

Madura Island (Indonesia), and Kangean islands and Sapudi in East Java.

2nd –    1,1 m
Tot –   15,3 m
74 Fula Nat –  13,3 m

Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Republic Central Africa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan and Togo.

2nd –    1,9 m
Tot –   15,2 m
75 Shinhala Nat –   14,0 m

Sri Lanka and India with significant nucleous of speakers in England and the United States.

2nd –    1,1 m
Tot –   15,1 m
76 Kazakh Nat –   10,9 m

Kazakhstan, with significant nucleous of speakers  in China, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Russia and Iran

2nd –     2,8 m
Tot –   13,7 m
77 Swedish Nat –    9,8 m

Sweden and Finland, with significant nucleous of speakers in the United States, Canada, Argentina and Australia.

2nd –    3,6 m
Tot –  13,4 m
78 Marwari Nat –   12,9 m India
2nd –     0,3 m
Tot –   13,2 m
79 Czech Nat –   11,5 m

Czech Republic, with significant nucleous of speakers in Austria, Bulgaria, Canada, Israel, Poland, Slovakia, Ukraine and the United States.

2nd –     1,4 m
Tot –   12,9 m
80 Hiligaynon Nat –   9,4 m Philippines (Visayas).
2nd –   2,7 m
Tot –  12,1 m
81 Magadhi Nat –   11,3 m India (south of Bihar).
2nd –     0,6 m
Tot –   11,9 m
82 Haitian Creole Nat –    8,9 m

Haiti, with significant nucleous of speakers in Canada, United States, France, Republic Dominican, Cuba and Bahamas.

2nd –    2,7 m
Tot –  11,6 m
83 Quechua Nat –   10,9 m

Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, Colombia and Argentina.

2nd –     0,4 m
Tot –   11,3 m
84 Chhattisgarh Nat –   11,0 m India (Chhattisgarh).
2nd –     0,2 m
Tot –   11,2 m
85 Uyghur Nat –    8,3 m

China, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan.

2nd –    2,9 m
Tot –   11,2 m
86 Dekhni Nat –   10,4 m India.
2nd –     0,7 m
Tot –   11,1 m
87 Min Bei Chinese Nat –    8,8 m

China, with significant nucleous of speakers in United States (California).

2nd –    2,1 m
Tot –   10,9 m
88 Uyghur Nat –   8,7 m

China (Xinjiang), with significant nucleous of speakers in Afghanistan, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Belgium, Canada, United States, Indonesia, Mongolia, Pakistan, UK, Kyrgyz Republic, Sweden, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Uzbekistan.

2nd –   2,1 m
Tot –  10,8 m
89 Belarusian Nat –    9,8 m Belarus and Poland.
2nd –    0,7 m
Tot –  10,5 m
90 kinyarwanda Nat –   9,3 m Rwanda, Congo and Uganda
2nd –   1,2 m
Tot –  10,5 m
91 Ilokano Nat –    8,1 m Philippines and Hawaii..
2nd –    2,3 m
Tot –   10,4 m
92 Hebrew Nat –         6,1

Israel, with significant nucleous of speakers in United States, Gibraltar, Canada, Belgium, France, Argentina, UK, Germany, Russia and several other countries.

2nd –         4,2 m
Tot –       10,3 m
93 Bulgarian Nat –       9,7 m

Bulgaria, Greece, Moldova, Romania, Turkey, Serbia and Montenegro and Macedonia.

2nd –       0,5 m
Tot –     10,2 m
94 Najdi Arabic Nat –       9,8 m

Saudi Arabia, with significant nucleous of speaking in Jordan, Iraq and Syria.

2nd –       0,3 m
Tot –     10,1 m
95 Zulu Nat –       9,8 m

South Africa, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe.

2nd –       0,1 m
Tot –       9,9 m
96 Akan Nat –      9,1 m Ghana and Suriname.
2nd –       0,2 m
Tot –      9,3 m
97 Gulf Arabic Nat –      8,2 m Kuwait, the Saudi, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman.
2nd –       0,7 m
Tot –       8,9 m
98 Shona Nat –       8,3 m Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana and Mozambique.
2nd –       0,2 m
Tot –       8,5 m
99 Tatar Nat –       8,1 m Russia.
2nd –       0,3 m
Tot –       8,4 m
100 Fulfulde Nat –       7,8 m Nigeria.
2nd –       0,5 m
Tot –       8,3 m
X Total Nat–   5.769,6 b Planet Earth
2nd –  1.319,2 b
Tot –   7.088,8 b
Nat = Native, 2nd = Second language  and Tot = Total.       m = million,  b = billion

Notes

[1] English is the second most spoken language on the world (native speakers and others to use as a second language), but is the first language used on most world areas: scientific, commercial, diplomatic, academic, literature, internet, TV, Radio, Newspapers, etc.

[2] The Hindi is listed here separately from the Urdu to be different languages . The Hindi use Devanagari calligraphy, with extensive vocabulary inherited from Sanskrit and Urdu use Nastaliq calligraphy, with extensive vocabulary of Persian-Arabic origin. Despite this thousands of words have understood each other, so some linguists say language is the same – that the call of Hindustan – in two different forms of writing.

[3] A number of speakers of Russian language as a second language is decreasing in recent years due have been abolished “the obligation to study this language in the former  USSR satellite countries.”

[4] The large number of people who use French as a second language is justified by scholars as
being a result of several factors, including: “… colonizations in the past, have been the diplomatic language International up to half of the 20th century, rich cultural production, efficient performance of the
French alliance, and so on”.

[5] The Malay that in Indonesia is called the Indonesian language is the main language of the peoples who inhabit the Malay peninsula and the Indonesia. It is also called the Malay language in Singapore, Brunei and southern Thailand.

[6] The Egyptian Arabic is the most widespread form of Arabic due to the proliferation of films and other and cultural productions from Cairo (from the early 20th century) and the large number of Egyptian teachers who were hired to teach in several countries, especially in penísula Arabic.

[7] The Arab Maghrebi Arabic, called by the speakers of “Derija” (meaning dialect), is based on Arabic, French and Spanish and has a number of dialects – most understandable among themselves. It is the language/dialect predominant in the region of Maghreb – northern Africa, the Sahara desert and west of the Nile.

[8] Most of the words of Levantine Arabic is Arabic, but hundreds of others are of Turkish, Persian, English, French and Italian.

[9] Malayalam is not Malay, which is spoken in Malaysia.

Sources

01. Languages of the World – Languages Listing

02. David P Brown – Top 100 Languages by Population

03. G. Weber, “Top Languages

04. CIA – World Factbook

05. UNESCO – Education

06. Index Mundi

07. Ethnologue: Languages of the World

08. Ethnologue – Languages of the World

09. Kryss Tal – The 30 Most Spoken Languages of the World

10. The World’s Most Widely Spoken Languages

11. 123 World Languages

12. Geographic Org – The 50 Most Widely Spoken Languages

13. Wikipedia – List of languages by number of native speaker

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37 Responses to The 100 most spoken languages on the world

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  9. safitaa says:

    Each of the civilized world and his home Highfalutin and Syria, the cradle of civilization
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  10. Alexah32 says:

    Congratulations for the content. It will be the basis of the work that I will present those coming weeks at school. Thanks.

  11. habib says:

    Turkish (Turkic) language is more than your list!!
    because you sprated Turkic language to diffrent group like azeri, uygur, uzbek … it’s rong way to count number of spoken. Azeri, Uzbek, Uygur Kazak,.. are from same familiy of language TURKIC.
    please!!!!!! :(

    • frankherles says:

      Hi Habib
      Thank you for your comment.
      This issue is already related to research and the results will be used in the next update of this list. However, even when it comes to speaking the same family – as you correctly recorded, they are unintelligible to each other and use spelling rules inked.

    • brett says:

      hahahahaha hey HABIBI, rong is spelt rong by u hahahahahaa WRONG

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  13. Gonçalo says:

    Portuguese is not spoken by 270 million people, that’s impossible. You have to confirm your sources.
    Around 205 million speak it as a mother tongue; around 220 million speak it as a mother and second language; and 240 million people live in the 9 countries and jurisdictions where Portuguese is the official or one of the co-official languages.

    In Brazil, Portugal, Cape Verde and Sao Tome and Prince nearly 100% of the population speaks it. In Angola about 60% speak it. In Mozambique 40%. In Guinea-Bissau about 10%. in East Timor about 5%. And in Macau hardly 1%.

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  16. Goku Saayan says:

    SWAHILI language… where is it on your list???…

    • frankherles says:

      We are checking sources to update this document, including the Swahili language. Thanks for your suggestion.

      • emongaise says:

        where is your reply, swahili is being spoken by more than 200 million people in eastern and southern africa and is a national language for kenya, tanzania, uganda, comoros, democratic republic of congo, south sudan, somalia, rwanda, burundia, zambia etc

        • frankherles says:

          Dear Emongaise.
          Swahili (also known as Kiswahili ) is a Bantu language spoken in many African countries. However, your assertion that “…o Swahili is being spoken by more than 200 million people in
          eastern and southern africa” is quite different of the data that we have from variety sources (governments, universities, independent research …); examples:
          1. In the Comores the most spoken languages are Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic), French and Arabic;
          2. In the Democratic Republic of Congo the official language is French and the most spoken languages are Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Lingala (trade language), Kikongo
          and Tshiluba;
          3. In the South Sudan the official language is English and all (more than 125, according to the government) indigenous languages are national languages (although there a strong
          program of “Arabization” in process along the northern border);
          4. In the Somalia the official language is Somali and the most spoken languages are Arabic, Swahili, English and Italian;
          5. In the Rwanda the official language is English and the most spoken languages are Rwanda (Ruanda or Rwandan – Kinyarwanda, Bantu vernacular), French and Kiswahili (Swahili)
          used in commercial centers;
          6. In the Zambia the official language is English and the most spoken languages are Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages.
          We would be grateful if you send us the sources of your information so we could check and cross with the data we have about this language.
          Thank you for your participation.

          • Graham Stevenson says:

            population of Tanzania 45 million who ‘officially’ speak Kiswahili. Then add on those who speak it in Kenya and the surrounding countries (as you already have documented) and the fact that it is the official language of the East African Community and surely it must come on the list of 100 most spoken languages – at least 25th. A massive omission on your part I’m afraid.

  17. Luis Castro says:

    Hi. I am Galician (Spanish), and I must inform you that we DO NOT speak Portuguese in Galicia, we speak Spanish and Galician (which is a coofficially-recognized-language, apart from Portuguese) so you can start counting a couple 2,5 less million of Portuguese speakers. Thank you.

    • frankherles says:

      At no time were recorded as the Galician’s speaking Portuguese as mother tongue and even as a second language in the preparation of this work statistical table.
      Despite this, we know by governments documents from Spain and Portugal there is a small portion of the Galician population (on the border between Spain and Portugal) that, in addition to Spanish also speak Galician and Portuguese.
      Thank you for participating. Come back and participate whenever you want.

  18. P.R.RAJ says:

    Tamil Language also spoken by Tamil people living in USA, United Kingtom, United Arab Emirates, Kingdom of Soudi Arabia,Bahrain Qatar, Kuwait & other Middle East Countries, South Africa & Australia- P.R. RAJ

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  20. Tim Della says:

    Tagalog has 20+ million native speakers but almost all Filipinos know the language because it is the official language of the country along with English, and the Philippines itself has almost 100 million people. In addition, The US itself has almost 2 million Tagalog speakers as of 2010.

  21. Saraiki is the first language of more than 120 million people in the world.. (HEC, Islamabad pakistn.Letter No. 20-/R7D/09 -5243 Dated 20-01-2010″.So saraiki is the 9th largest language.)

  22. Carles Oriol says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catalan_language
    There is catalan lenguage missing in this list. 11.5 million

  23. Aik Tun says:

    Hi. I’m Aik Tun. I’m from Myanmar(Burma). I think Burmese speaker is not only 35 millions. It is more than you say. Burmese have more than 60 millions speaker and it is not only speak in Myanmar. It is speak in Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia and Bangladesh. Please check it. Thanks…

  24. MAURICIO says:

    You entered Uyghur twice in 85 and 88
    also Fula and Fufulde same language and you entered in 74 and 100
    make the list longer to include Wolof, Bamana, Chichewa, Lingala, Twi, Finnish. and please put Swahili on the list.

  25. nickson says:

    as MAURICIO says put Swahili on the list. am Nickson from Uganda

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